Digital Marketing categories

There are a lot of different types of digital marketing but they fall into following categories. These are…

SEM (Search Engine Marketing)

SEO (Search Engine Optimization)

P-P-C (Pay-Per-Click)

SMM (Social Media Marketing)

Content Marketing

Email Marketing

Influencer/Affiliate Marketing

Viral Marketing

Radio Advertising

Television Advertising

Mobile Advertising

We will go through each category in detail so you can fully understand what you can invest in.

1. SEM

SEM or Search Engine Marketing is generally considered to cover both PPC and SEO work. Bringing in traffic to your website via search engines is no easy task, that’s why SEO and PPC work to look into bringing said traffic in through both paid and unpaid means. PPC paid advertising, and SEO, which works on bringing in organic traffic. This doesn’t mean that SEO work is free, but we’ll get into the details below.


Keywords lay at the core foundations of any search engine marketing strategy. Firstly you need to identify the keywords that are relevant to your business’s services or products. The keywords need to be ones that your prospective customers are highly likely to use when making a search query. One way easy way to get started with keywords is by using Google Keyword Planner.

2. SEO

We’ll start with SEO, which stands for search engine optimization. SEO works to make your business optimized for search engines, like Google and Bing. It’s all about moving you up the search engine results page rankings to have better visibility for users searching for your website. Many people don’t bother scrolling to page 2 of search engines, so SEO is essential to work if you want to generate more business from online searches. By no means is SEO a quick fix, when our clients sign up for SEO, we always inform them that the process will take time to yield results

How it Works

Through keyword research and ranking analysis, we determine how you fare against your competitors for keyword rankings. We then work on optimizing your website and the content on it for search engines, as well as building quality links both to and from your website, in order to allow your website to be crawled efficiently. Your content is crawled by search engine robots, or crawlers, to collate the data and index it in search engine archives. Then, when a relevant search term is used, Google will return your site as a result. The ranking determines how relevant your site is to a user’s search term. The goal is to be in the coveted top 3 spots.

3. PPC

PPC, or pay-per-click, is a form of advertising on search engines, like Google and Bing. It’s a way of moving to the top of search engine results pages by paid means. It’s called PPC because your ad account is charged every time one of your adverts is clicked. The cost of each ad, or CPC (cost per click), depends on the quality score of your website and the selected keyword’s competition. PPC campaigns can be a short-term solution, and many use it to shift products or seasonal deals, as a way to boost revenue. There are around 4 spots for Ads on Google, so getting your website in the for a selected keyword can be challenging. SEO work is about your ranking being ‘earned’, but PPC your ranking on the first page is bought.

How it Works

By bidding on a selected keyword or search term, you can make your way into the 4 ad spaces on offer by Google. Through tools like Google Adwords, PPC pros work on finding keywords that your website will perform well, and dependent on the competition, CPC is determined. Through bidding on keywords, against competitors, your ad appears in relevant search results and will charge you if a user clicks on your ad.

4. Social Media Marketing

Social media marketing is the process of working on marketing through, you guessed it, social media. With social platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram (to name a few) ever-growing, businesses online need to invest in social media marketing in order to grow their following and reach a whole new pool of potential customers. Dependent on your business type, there’s a social network out there for you. All businesses would do well to be on Facebook, but if you specialize in B2B, LinkedIn is the one for you. If you’re a ‘visual business’, then Instagram is ideal. We could go on and on, but you get the point. You should be on social media if you aren’t, but how do you market on social media?

How it Works

Through like campaigns and targeted ads, the goal is to grow your following on social media in the hopes of gaining more business through these platforms. Sites like Facebook collect data about your likes and interests, as well as personal factors like age, location, etc. All of this information is available to Facebook business users to create targeted ads to appear on a select demographic’s news feed. These ads can be used to promote products, services or entice users to ‘like’ your page, keeping them up to date with your posts.

5. Content Marketing

This style of marketing is a little different than the previous ones we’ve mentioned. It’s not so much about directly marketing products and services to customers, but rather creating enriching and valuable content that enhances customer experience. Some of the biggest brands in the world will actively post blogs, images, and videos relating to their business that are entertaining and informative too. It’s what establishes your business as a brand and essentially what makes your customers like you more. It’s like promoting your brand without the aim of an incentive to sell anything behind your posts – simply providing information that is both enriching and engaging.

How it Works

Through posting blogs, videos, and images, you build up a loyal consumer base, that visits your site for content that serves a purpose. Whether that be informative content about your business or industry knowledge you share, your customers will appreciate the effort behind every blog or video you post. It’s about listening to your customer’s needs and producing what they want. If your content is share-worthy enough, it can help drive in traffic and potentially more business.

6. Email Marketing

Another form of marketing is email marketing, and you’ve guessed it, it involves email. It’s a form of direct marketing that sends information, offers, blogs, etc. directly to your mailing list’s inboxes. Through a sea of emails, your marketing email will appear, but the trick is getting it to read. Yes, it may emerge alongside 100s emails, and if you can’t create an email that’s eye-catching, then it will be lost. Luckily there are email marketing tools and agencies (like us), that can assist you. Email marketing is a great way of reaching your customers, interacting with them after purchases, or even sending them a newsletter. Be warned, sending unsolicited emails will land you a place in the spam box. So, make sure you’ve gathered your mailing list by your own means and not from a third-party company. They need to be your customers or have opted in to receiving your mail.

How it Works

By using your existing mailing list, you can create a prospective list of recipients for your mail. Whether it be for remarketing or to update them on a new blog post, you need to send the right email to the right people. Once you’ve decided on the mail you’re going to send, using email marketing tools or a digital marketing agency *cough*, us, *cough* you can design an on-brand email to send out to your mailing list. This can bring in traffic to your site, or even help you sell some products with unique discount codes. With the analytic tools, you can monitor things like opening rate and even how many clicked through on a link.

7. Influencer / Affiliate Marketing

Both influencer and affiliate marketing utilise those in a position of ‘power’, usually social media influencers or industry experts etc. This is to assist you in marketing a product or service to their audience. It’s become more and more popular in recent years, through sites like Instagram and YouTube, where companies will enlist a well-known influencer, to promote their products or services on their social pages or affiliate websites. These collaborations can involve giving away unique discount codes, sponsored blog posts or prize draws etc. for the influencer’s audience, to build some buzz around your brand and business.

How it Works

This investment cycle entails finding someone with a large following. This can be on social or in an industry and then approaching them with collaboration. Most will require payment or a cut of the sales that come from their audience purchasing their products or services. Then, they’ll create posts, blogs or videos, to ‘show off your collaboration and hopefully bring in more sales for your business. It’s about finding the right influencer for your business.

8. Viral Marketing

You know those viral videos you see online? Well, some companies use those as a smart form of marketing. Whether it’s teaming up with a popular viral content creator, popular social media influencer or promoting it themselves, the idea of viral marketing is to create something shareworthy – by making it funny, on trend and topical.

How it Works

Viral videos or images will indirectly promote a product or service (be it the product being included or the service being used or simply featured), then the hopes are that this is shared around social media. The basics of viral marketing are very simple. You create a piece of content that is so compelling that those who engage with it will want to share it with their friends and family instantly.

9. Radio Advertising

Whilst radio used to be solely based on radio waves, it’s now all digital. Which means, radio advertising now falls into the realm of digital marketing (welcome to the club radio!). Radio ads are a great way to get your business or brand heard, and it’s never been easier to do with digital advertising.

How it Works

You can now use targeted radio ads for different locations. So, whether you’re targeting a local or national consumer base, your radio advertising can be heard by the right people. There’s also the option to advertise Spotify, for non-premium users. The ads they will hear can be targeted towards them based on their age, location, gender, and more – because of the account information they provide to Spotify.

10. Television Advertising

Radio isn’t the only thing to move over to digital. There are loads of options for those that want to advertise on television without paying expensive ad slot costs on prime time TV. However, even with the digital shift and social fragmentation of Television Advertising, some still consider the 30-second ad as being a vital advertising tool in the next few years.

How it Works

Marketers are navigating this marketing channel by combining personal data about consumers, together with utilising new delivery methods for Television Advertising, like addressable ads. They are also placing Television Advertising at the very center of cross-channel marketing campaigns. So, if a consumer sees an ad on TV, they will also see it on their digital devices reinforcing the ad’s message.

11. Mobile Advertising

Mobile advertising is something that spans all forms of digital marketing we’ve mentioned above. Whether it’s mobile social ads, mobile search ads, or even mobile TV and radio ads, every form of digital marketing we’ve mentioned can be transferred to mobile. Businesses all over the world are shifting more of their advertising budget into mobile because consumers spend more time on their mobile devices more than any other device.

How it Works

You can target mobile ads by audience segments or by using geofencing. Geofencing is one of the most popular tactics as it is based on a consumer’s physical location. This is a laser-focused strategy as you are able to target mobile ads to a clearly defined and relevant audience.

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